Passed in 1961, today is the anniversary of the 23rd Amendment.  The Amendment allows D.C. to appoint electors to the Electoral College, as Congress so directs.   Article I §8 of the Constitution gives Congress exclusive control over the seat of government. 

D.C. residents first cast their ballots in a Presidential election on November 3, 1964.  Their votes helped elect Lyndon B. Johnson. 

The District currently has 3 electoral votes, based on population.

Read the 23rd Amendment here.