On June 23, 1972, Congress passed the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act, P.L. 92-318. Popularly known as Title IX, it’s often thought of in relation to women’s athletics in schools and colleges. However, there is no mention of sports in the act itself.
The purpose of the act was to eliminate discriminatory hiring and employment of women in institutions receiving federal funds. The National Center for Education Statistics states that the types of discrimination that the act addresses include “sexual harassment, the failure to provide equal opportunity in athletics, and discrimination based on pregnancy.” The Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, enforces regulations under the act, including investigating violations of Title IX.
For more about Title IX and gender equity, see:
Getting in the Game: Title IX and the Women’s Sports Revolution, by Deborah L. Brake.
Sports Justice: The Law and the Business of Sports, by Roger I. Abrams.