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Passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920.  It was first introduced in Congress in 1878.  By 1912, nine states in the West – Wyoming being the first in 1890 – had already legislated for women to have the right to vote.  Suffragists organized parades and hunger strikes and endured jail and other abuse to promote the right to vote.

“The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

Read more about women’s suffrage:

A Century of Votes for Women

The Myth of Seneca Falls: Memory and the Women’s Suffrage Movement, 1848-1898