Today celebrates the entry in force of the United Nations Charter. The Charter is the foundation document for the international organization, reaffirming fundamental human rights of citizens and a commitment to equality for men and women and “countries large and small.” The Charter was signed in San Francisco in 1945 by 50 of the original 51 convening nations of the United Nations Conference on International Organizations.
The Charter also included the Statute for the International Court of Justice. The Court is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It began its work in 1946 at the Peace Palace, The Hague, Netherlands. It hears cases between the 192 member states.