Eighteenth Amendment

Eighteenth Amendment

On January 16, 1919, the Eighteenth Amendment was ratified, after years of campaigning by prohibition proponents.  The amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale or distribution of “intoxicating liquors” within the United States.  The Volstead Act was...
Bill of Rights Ratified

Bill of Rights Ratified

On this day in 1791, the first ten Amendments to the United States Constitution were ratified.  The Bill of Rights, as these Amendments came to be known, guaranteed personal liberties with the federal government.  The First Amendment alone included the right to...
Lame Duck Sessions and the Twentieth Amendment

Lame Duck Sessions and the Twentieth Amendment

The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified on January 23, 1933, set the end dates for terms of elected federal officials and the beginning date for each Congressional session.  Terms for President and Vice President end at noon on the 20th day...

Judicial Review & Marbury v. Madison

On February 24, 1803, the Supreme Court established the rule of judicial review of Congressional legislation in Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 37 (1803).  Chief Justice John Marshall penned the opinion, holding that the federal courts had the power to review acts passed...
16th Amendment (1913)

16th Amendment (1913)

Under Art. I § 9 of the Constitution, direct taxation of individuals was prohibited except in proportion to the census.  On February 3, 1916, the Sixteenth Amendment was ratified to impose an income tax, without regard to the population of any state.  The Constitution...
Presidential Election and the 12th Amendment

Presidential Election and the 12th Amendment

The Twelfth Amendment is one of the Constitutional amendments that will have a direct impact on the Presidential election of 2016. Article II § 1 enumerates the process for electing the President and Vice President every four years.  Simply put, the candidate with the...

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