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The Nineteenth Amendment

The Nineteenth Amendment

Passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920.  It was first introduced in Congress in 1878.  By 1912, nine states in the West – Wyoming being the first in 1890 – had already legislated for women to...
The Nineteenth Amendment

27th Amendment Ratified May 7, 1992

The 27th Amendment requires that no change in compensation for a Representative or a Senator “shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened.” The intent of the amendment was to prohibit sitting members of Congress from...
The Nineteenth Amendment

Eighteenth Amendment

On January 16, 1919, the Eighteenth Amendment was ratified, after years of campaigning by prohibition proponents.  The amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale or distribution of “intoxicating liquors” within the United States.  The Volstead Act was...
Bill of Rights Ratified

Bill of Rights Ratified

On this day in 1791, the first ten Amendments to the United States Constitution were ratified.  The Bill of Rights, as these Amendments came to be known, guaranteed personal liberties with the federal government.  The First Amendment alone included the right to...
Lame Duck Sessions and the Twentieth Amendment

Lame Duck Sessions and the Twentieth Amendment

The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified on January 23, 1933, set the end dates for terms of elected federal officials and the beginning date for each Congressional session.  Terms for President and Vice President end at noon on the 20th day...

Judicial Review & Marbury v. Madison

On February 24, 1803, the Supreme Court established the rule of judicial review of Congressional legislation in Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 37 (1803).  Chief Justice John Marshall penned the opinion, holding that the federal courts had the power to review acts passed...